What is Autism?

Autism is a lifelong developmental condition, which involves difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication as well as social interaction. It includes a variety of unusual behaviors such as pre-occupations, repetitive behaviors, difficulties in eating, sleeping, and peculiar responses to sensory input, among others. 

Autism affects approximately 1 in every 66 people. It occurs almost five times more frequently in boys than girls. It is a biological, neurological (not psychological) disorder.

There are still no conclusive answers about the cause, or perhaps causes, of the condition. Each person with autism is unique, both in the number of characteristics they display, and the severity of their symptoms. Although there is no cure for autism, symptoms can change or evolve over time, and many skills can develop with appropriate instruction. 

Source: Geneva Center for Autism
Source: Autism Ontario
Source: Autism Canada
Source: Autism Speaks Canada
Source: Canadian Autism Spectrum Disorders Alliance